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Did RSS Chief Mohan Bhagwat Say Nationalism Refers To ‘Nazism’? Read To Know

Many media outlets including The Hindu, The Wire, Hindustan Times, NDTV, Dainik Jagran, and Times Of India reported that the RSS chief is distancing the RSS from nationalism as it implies Hitler’s Nazism. As per media reports, RSS chief made this remark while addressing an RSS event in Jharkhand’s capital Ranchi.

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Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh chief Mohan Bhagwat says Nationalism implies ‘Nazism’.

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Many media outlets including The Hindu, The Wire, Hindustan Times, NDTV, Dainik Jagran, and Times Of India reported that the RSS chief is distancing the RSS from nationalism as it implies Hitler’s Nazism. As per media reports, RSS chief made this remark while addressing an RSS event in Jharkhand’s capital Ranchi.

The report published by ‘The Quint’ can be viewed here.

However, ‘The Quint’ later corrected their report, an archived version of their initial report can be viewed here

Notably, The Quint through its fact-checking arm namely ‘WebQoof’ is itself a renowned Fact-checking agency.

The report published by ‘The Hindu’ can be viewed here.

However, ‘The Hindu’ later corrected their report, an archived version of their initial report can be viewed here.

The report published by ‘The Wire’ can be viewed here. The news outlet also took it to Twitter to report the remarks made by Mohan Bhagwat.

The report published by the ‘Hindustan Times’ can be viewed here.

However, ‘Hindustan Times’ later corrected their report, an archived version of their initial report can be viewed here.

The report published by ‘NDTV’ can be viewed here.

However, ‘NDTV’ later corrected their report, an archived version of their initial report can be viewed here.

The report published by ‘Dainik Jagaran’ can be viewed here.

The report published by ‘Economic Times’ can be viewed here.

However, ‘Economic Times’ later corrected their report, an archived version of their initial report can be viewed here.

‘The Indian Express’ also made a tweet to report the same.

News outlet DNA also made one such tweet.

The tweet made by news outlet Moneycontrol can be viewed below.

The tweet made by news outlet The Telegraph can be viewed below.

The tweet made by the media outlet News18 can be viewed below.

The tweet made by news outlet Catch News can be viewed below.

The tweet made by news outlet The Statesman can be viewed below.

The tweet made by media outlet News Nation can be viewed below.

The tweet made by media outlet Zee News can be viewed below.

The tweet made by media outlet Republic can be viewed below.

We found a similarity that most of these reports were a syndicated feed from ANI. The tweet made by ANI reads, “#WATCH Ranchi: RSS chief recounts his conversation with an RSS worker in UK where he said “…’nationalism’ shabd ka upyog mat kijiye. Nation kahenge chalega,national kahenge chalega,nationality kahenge chalgea,nationalism mat kaho. Nationalism ka matlab hota hai Hitler,naziwaad.”

We also found that several politicians and journalists took a jibe at Mohan Bhagwat on the basis of media reports. 

For instance, senior Congress leader Digvijay Singh made a tweet to target Mohan Bhagwat.

Congress spokesperson Randeep Singh Surjewala also took a jibe at Mohan Bhagwat through a tweet.

Journalist Faye Dsouza also took a jibe at Mohan Bhagwat by quoting a tweet. Notably, the fact-checking website ‘Boom’ recently launched a new initiative to focus on evidence without drama with Faye Dsouza.

The tweet made by journalist and author Paranjoy Guha Thakurata can be viewed below.

The tweet made by journalist Tavleen Singh Aroor can be viewed below.

The tweet made by a Historian whose Twitter name reads ‘Yeti or Not, Here I Come’ can be viewed below.

We first read media reports to know what Mohan Bhagwat exactly said. While reading the media reports, we found that most of the media reports are updated. We also found that Boom has called out media outlets for misquoting Bhagwat’s statement. As we noticed that the media reports are updated and are called out by Boom for misquoting the remarks made by the RSS chief, we decided to hear his speech instead of reading media reports.

We first checked RSS’s official YouTube channel but we learned that the event at Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee University was not covered by its official channel except for a small 3 minutes 15 seconds long video of Bhagwat’s speech. However, an excerpt from his speech was given as a description of the 3 minutes 15 seconds long video uploaded by the official RSS channel. The description reads, “ भारत को अपने लिए बड़ा नहीं बनना है…….

भारत का भी यह स्वभाव रहा है कि भारत अपने लिए बड़ा नहीं बनता है. दुनिया में कई देश बड़े बने और पतित हो गए. आज भी बड़े देश हैं, जिनको आज महाशक्ति कहते हैं. लेकिन हम देखते हैं तो ये देश महाशक्ति बनकर करते क्या हैं? तो सारी दुनिया पर प्रभुत्व संपादन करते हैं, सारी दुनिया पर अपना शासन करते हैं, सारी दुनिया के साधनों का अपने लिए उपयोग करते हैं, सारी दुनिया पर राजनीतिक सत्ता अपनी चले, प्रत्यक्ष व अप्रत्यक्ष रूप से ऐसा प्रयास करते हैं, सारी दुनिया पर अपना ही रंग चढ़ाने का प्रयास करते हैं, ये सब चलता आया है और चल रहा है. और इसलिए दुनिया में एक बहुत बड़े भूभाग में विद्वान ऐसा सोचते हैं कि राष्ट्र का बड़ा होना दुनिया के लिए खतरनाक बात है. नेशनलिज्म, इस शब्द का आज दुनिया में अच्छा अर्थ नहीं है. कुछ वर्ष पूर्व संघ की योजना से यूके जाना हुआ तो वहां बुद्धिजीवियों से बात होनी थी. 40-50 चयनित लोगों से संघ के बारे में चर्चा होनी थी. तो वहां के अपने कार्यकर्ता ने कहा कि शब्दों के अर्थों के बारे में सावधान रहिए, अंग्रेजी आप की भाषा नहीं है और आपने अंग्रेजी में पुस्तक पढ़ी है उसके हिसाब से बोलेंगे. परन्तु यहां बातचीत में शब्दों के अर्थ भिन्न हो जाते हैं. इसलिए आप नेशनलिज्म शब्द का उपयोग मत कीजिए. आप नेशन कहेंगे चलेगा, नेशनल कहेंगे चलेगा, नेशनलिटी कहेंगे चलेगा, पर नेशनलिजम मत कहो. क्योंकि नेशनल्जिम का मतलब होता है हिटलर, नाजीवाद, फासीवाद. अब ऐसे ही यह शब्द वहां बदनाम हुआ है. लेकिन हम जानते हैं कि एक राष्ट्र के नाते भारत जब-जब बड़ा हुआ, तब-तब दुनिया का भला ही हुआ है. अभी गीत आपने सुना –

विश्व का हर देश जब, दिग्भ्रमित हो लड़खड़ाया

सत्य की पहचान करने, इस धरा के पास आया

भूमि यह हर दलित को पुचकारती,

हर पतित को उद्धारती, धन्य देश महान.

ऐसा हमारा धन्य महान देश भारत है. यह इसका स्वभाव है. और आज की दुनिया को भारत की आवश्यकता है.”

We then checked their official Twitter handle but we couldn’t get any information from their Twitter handle as well since the last tweet made by the handle was on 9th February 2020. We also checked Mohan Bhagwat’s own official Twitter handle but we learned that Bhagwat has not made any tweet to date. We then checked their official Facebook page and found the same 3 minutes 15 seconds long video along with the same description as of their YouTube video. We also learned that Mohan Bhagwat is not officially present on Facebook.

We then checked other Facebook pages for Mohan Bhagwat’s full speech and we found the whole speech on a page namely ‘विश्व संवाद केंद्र, झारखण्ड’. In two Facebook posts made by the page, we found the links of the YouTube videos where they have published Mohan Bhagwat’s full speech in two parts. 

We found a Facebook Post where they have published the text version of Mohan Bhagwat’s speech at an RSS event in Jharkhand’s capital Ranchi.

The text version of Bhagwat’s speech can be read below.

समतामूलक और शोषणरहित समाज संघ का उद्देश्य : सरसंघचालक

रांची , २० फरवरी : हिन्दू समाज को संगठित करने के अलावा राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ का कोई अन्य कार्य नही है। हिंदुत्व के भाव से ही राष्ट्रीय भावना को प्रबल करते हुए एक समतामूलक और शोषणरहित समाज की स्थापना ही, राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ का एकमात्र उद्देश्य है।

After reading the text version of Bhagwat’s speech, we watched the two videos on the  YouTube channel of the said organization in which they have published Mohan Bhagwat’s full speech.

First part of Bhagwat’s speech at Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee University, Ranchi:

Second part of Bhagwat’s speech at Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee University, Ranchi:

We then listened to both the parts of Bhagwat’s speech and we found that Bhagwat indeed talked about the implication of ‘Nationalism’ to ‘Nazism’ but he didn’t make this remark himself. RSS chief was referring to an RSS worker whom he met in the UK and the RSS worker made this remark which was quoted by Bhagwat at RSS event in Ranchi.

Here’s the transcript of Bhagwat’s speech where he made the remark which was misquoted by several media outlets.

Bhagwat while explaining why RSS and India need to develop more, Bhagwat categorically says, India and RSS doesn’t want to develop for itself. 

At 3.14 seconds in the first part of the YouTube video, Bhagwat says, “Duniya me kai desh bade bane aur patit ho gaye. Aaj bhi bade desh hain, jinko aaj ka shabd hai ‘Mahashakti’. Lekin ab inko dekhte hain to ye desh mahashakti bankar karte kya hain to sari duniya par prabhutva sampadan karte hain, sari duniya ke sadhanon ko swayam ke liye upyog karte hain. Sari duniya par rajneetik satta apni chale pratyaksh ya apratyaksh, aisa prayas karte hain. Sari duniya par apna hi rang chadhane ka prayas karte hain, ye sab chalta aaya hai… Chal raha hai. Aur isliye duniya me ek bahut bade bhoo bhag me vidvan log aisa sochte hain ki rashtra bada hona duniya ke liye khataranak baat hai. ‘Nationalism’ is shabd ko aaj duniya me accha arth nahi hai. Kuchh varsh poorva Sangh ki yojana se Uk jana hua to wahan ke buddhijiviyon se baat honi thi… 40-50 chayanit logon se Sangh ke bare me charcha honi thi to wahan ke apne karyakarta ne kaha “shabdo ke artho ke bare me savdhan rahiye. Angreji aapki bhasha nahi hai aur aap apna pushtak me jo angreji padhi hai uske anusar bolenge parantu yahan baatcheet me shabdo ke arth bhinn ho jate hain… Isliye aap ‘Nationalism’ is shabd ka upyog mat kijiye… Aap nation kahenge chalega, national kahenge chalega, nationality kahenge chalega, nationalism mat kaho kyuki nationalism ka matlab hota hai ‘Hitler’, ‘Naziwaad’, ‘Fansiwaad’.” Ab aise ye shabd wahan badnam(banda) hua hai. Parantu hum jante hain ek rashtra ke naate Bharat jab-jab bada hua tab-tab duniya ka bhala hi hua hai.

After listening to his whole speech, we found that RSS chief in his speech says, “Many intellectuals in the world think that a developed nation is dangerous to the world. The word ‘Nationalism’ is not seen in a positive sense today because the countries that developed did nothing but invaded and ruled smaller nations. I went to attend an RSS event in UK where 40-50 people were selected to have a discussion on RSS’ activities, an RSS member there told me not to use the word ‘Nationalism’. He said, “Use nation, national or nationality as these words are seen in a good light but do not use ‘Nationalism’ because English is not our mother tongue and the meaning of ‘Nationalism’ is often alluded to ‘Hitler’, ‘Nazism’ and ‘Fascism’.” This is how ‘Nationalism’ is seen(defamed) there. But as we all know, whenever India grew, it only benefited the world.”

So from our fact check above, it is evident that the RSS chief was referring to intellectual’s views and an RSS worker’s statement when he said ​that nationalism implies Nazism hence we reached the conclusion that media outlets misquoted RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat.

Tools Used

  • Google Search

Result: Misleading

(If you would like us to fact check a claim, give feedback or lodge a complaint, WhatsApp us at 9999499044. You can also visit the Contact Us page and fill the form)

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English

Did Qatar cancel all Air India flights under Vande Bharat Mission? No, it’s a false claim

An image which states that Qatar cancelled all Air India flights under Vande Bharat Mission is false.

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Claim

An image we received on our Whatsapp verification number claims “Qatar cancelled all Air India Flights Under Vande Bharat Mission.” See the image below. 

Factcheck

The above image also claims that earlier Air India got exemptions from their airport charges on account of Vande Bharat being an evacuation mission. Later, on realising that passengers paid 700 riyals for these tickets, they cancelled all the flights. 

We found similar messages being circulated on Facebook and Twitter, examples below. 

What an image we build !!

Người đăng: Shrikant Prabhu vào Thứ Sáu, 15 tháng 5, 2020

You can view another example here

Through a keyword search we came across a clarification on the official Twitter page of the Embassy of India Doha, Qatar. It denied the rumour by stating that a flight was cancelled due to technical reasons. And is being rescheduled for 12 May. 

A subsequent tweet on 11 May by the Embassy of India, Doha expressed that a few media channels were making a baseless claim about flight IX-374 from Doha to Thiruvananthapuram was cancelled because of differences over landing and handling charges. None of it is true. 

Conclusion

We found the claim in the image which states that Qatar cancelled all Air India flights under Vande Bharat Mission to be false. 

Tools Used

  • Google search
  • Twitter advanced search 

Result: False 

(If you would like us to fact check a claim, give feedback or lodge a complaint, WhatsApp us at 9999499044. You can also visit the Contact Us page and fill the form)

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Coronavirus

Photograph Taken in 1985 Shared on Social Media in the Backdrop of COVID-19 Pandemic

A photograph is being widely shared on social media, which shows a woman holding a child in her hands, claiming that this picture was taken before the mother succumbed to the novel coronavirus in Italy.

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A Facebook user shared a photograph of a woman holding a child her in her hands claiming that this picture was taken before the mother succumbed to the novel coronavirus in Italy.

बेटे से माँ की जुदाई…है भगवान हर माँ की रक्षा करों !इटली की महिला कोरोना की तीसरी और आखरी स्टेज में थी सामने उनका 18…

Người đăng: Subham Chouhan Lalla Bhaiya vào Thứ Ba, 21 tháng 4, 2020

The caption of the viral image, when translated to English, reads, ‘Such a disheartening incident. Female Corona patient in Italy was in the third stage and her 18-month-old child was crying a lot. The patient expressed her last wish that she wanted to hug her child once. The doctors covered her entire body, and as she holds the child, the child stopped crying, but the mother succumbed to the coronavirus.’

We found that the photograph was being shared on Facebook and Twitter with identical claims.

Several readers sent the viral pictures to Newschecker’s WhatsApp helpline number for verification.

Fact Check

With the help of reverse image search, we found the same image in Magnum Photos. The image viral on social media was clicked in 1985 at a cancer treatment centre in Seattle, USA by photojournalist Burt Glinn, before the baby’s bone marrow transplant and has no connection with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.

The caption of the image reads, “USA, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, 1985. Fred Hutchinson CancerCenter- Infant inside Laminar AirFlow Room protection from infection. The child has been irradiated prior to marrow transplant.”

We also found that the original photograph clicked by Burt Glinn is vertical, and one can see the mother in a standing position with her hands and face inserted into the laminar airflow box, whereas the image viral on social media is in a horizontal position. You can see the comparison here:

Conclusion

It is clear from our fact check that the photograph viral on social media, which shows a woman holding a child in her hands, is neither from Italy nor does it has any connection with coronavirus pandemic. The image was taken in 1985 at a cancer treatment center in Seattle, USA, by photojournalist Burt Glinn before the baby’s bone marrow transplant.

Sources

  • Google Reverse Image Search
  • Google Search

Result: Misleading

(If you would like us to fact check a claim, give feedback or lodge a complaint, WhatsApp us at 9999499044. You can also visit the Contact Us page and fill the form)

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Coronavirus

COVID-19 Patients Are Not Being Segregated On The Basis Of Religion; Media Outlets Falsely Report

Since the government has denied the allegations of segregation of COVID-19 patients on the basis of religion and the doctor whom the outlets claim to have spoken, alleges

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News outlets such as The Hindu, The New Indian Express, and others claimed that the COVID-19 patients in Gujarat are being segregated on the basis of religion at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The reports published by media outlets were further amplified by several verified and prominent Twitter handles.

Fact Check

As it is rightly said, the world is fighting a pandemic and an ‘Infodemic’, Indian media is justifying the statement in its truest sense. In the past few days, cases of misreporting by media outlets have seen a spike, besides a strict warning by the Supreme Court. Indian media was recently criticized for the religious profiling of COVID-19 cases in India but even that could not stop the media from reporting COVID-19 cases on the basis of the religion. 

The latest outlet to join the communal cacophony of Indian media is ‘The Hindu’ which is otherwise known for its quality journalism. The paper tried to undo the damage though by removing the ‘Hindu/Muslim’ words from its report after realizing they had misreported on the matter. 

The Hindu on 15th April carried a report titled ‘COVID-19 patients segregated on the basis of religion at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital, according to reports’. The report carried by ‘The Hindu’ is based on the alleged segregation of COVID-19 patients at Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The report was later updated and certain changes were made to the report. 

Here’s what was in the initial report and what all changes were made to the report.

Note: ‘Red’ color stands for words removed in the updated report and ‘Green’ color for words added.

An archived version of the first updates report can be found here.

An archived version of the updated report can be found here.

Interestingly, the aforementioned ‘The Hindu’ report was updated within a few minutes after publishing. The original version of the above-mentioned report is not available on the web and it is nowhere specified in the report what was updated and when.

Another news outlet The Indian Express, which has a history of publishing reports through unverified sources, made the same claim as that by ‘The Hindu’.

An archived version of the first updated version of The Indian Express report can be found here.

The latest version of The Indian Express report can be found here.

The Indian Express in its report claims to have spoken to the Medical Superintendent of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital namely ‘Dr. Gunvant H Rathod’. The report further claims that Dr. Rathod told the publication, “Generally, there are separate wards for male and female patients. But here, we have made separate wards for Hindu and Muslim patients. (On being asked about the reason Dr. Rathod said) It is a decision of the government and you can ask them.”

The aforementioned report further claims that there are almost 150 COVID patients in the hospital, out of which, at least 40 belong to the Muslim community.

The report published by The Indian Express was further amplified by many prominent journalists and politicians such as Congress leader Priyanka Gandhi, TMC MP Mohua Mitra, India Today Journalist Rajdeep Sardesai and his journalist wife Sagarika Ghosh, Rana Ayyub, Kavita Krishnan, Prashant Bhushan, Sanjay Singh, Saba Naqvi, Swati Chaturvedi, Shama Mohamed, Alfons Lopez Tena, moneycontrol, Smitha Nair, Nirjhari Sinha, National Herald, Mitali Saran, Ali, Real Report, Ashok Swain, Man Aman Singh Chhina, Tarek Fatah, Jignesh Mevani, Ajit Anjum, Isaac Chotiner, Swaraj India, Khaled Beydoun, Lt Gen H S Panag (Retired), Seema Chishti, Rakesh Sharma, GK Zhimomi, Muzamil Jaleel, Kawalpreet Kaur, Karuna Nundy, Pooja Pillai, Snehesh Alex Philip, Avinash Dutt, Spandan Srivastava, Vimlendu Jha, Saif Ullah Khan, Omar R Quraishi, Niraj Bhatia, Bumbai Ki Rani, Paranjoy Guha Thakurata, Nishita Jha, Zafar Sareshwala, Suresh Mathew, Parmesh Shahani, Faraz Arif Ansari, Dushyant, Liz Mathew, Aamer Javeed and Debasish Roy.

We searched the social media accounts of the concerned hospital and we found the statement of the doctor, The Indian Express claims to have spoken to, has alleged that the outlet has misquoted him.

The statement of the doctor can be viewed below.

When we searched further, we found a tweet by the official Twitter handle of The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom where the body has condemned the segregation of the patients on the basis of religion.

Replying to the aforementioned tweet, Anurag Srivastava who is the official spokesperson of the Ministry of External Affairs, India, has suggested that the USCIRF  ‘stop adding religious color to India’s national goal of fighting the COVID 19 pandemic.’

Additionally, we found a tweet made by the Gujarat arm of Press Information Bureau which has denied the allegations levied against the concerned hospital.

Similarly, in a tweet, the Department of Information in Gujarat,, rubbished the claims of segregation of COVID-19 patients on the basis of religion. 

The Health & Family Welfare Department of the Gujarat Government has also clarified the issue in a Twitter thread.

Since the government has denied the allegations of segregation of COVID-19 patients on the basis of religion and the doctor whom the outlets claim to have spoken, alleges to be misquoted, here’s a list of questions that make the report carried by the two news outlets look suspicious.

  1. If Dr. Rathod said that the segregation is taking place on the orders issued by the government, did the outlets try to ask for a copy of the order? If yes, did they get the same? If yes, why was the copy of the order not mentioned in the report?
  2. The Indian Express claims to have spoken to Dr. Rathod and some of the patients as well, is there a video/audio proof for the same? If yes, why is the same not mentioned in any of the updated versions of the report? Since the Government has denied the acknowledgment of any segregation on the basis of religion, the best practice would be to produce the proofs of the conversations which according to the outlet took place inside the hospital.
  3. The Indian Express claims to have spoken to the district magistrate of Ahmedabad and the Deputy Chief Minister of Gujarat and both have categorically denied the acknowledgment of any such segregation. Now, since the outlet has not been able to produce a copy of the order, how did the outlet reach the conclusion that segregation has taken place based on an order issued by the government?
  4. In the report published by ‘The Hindu’, the outlet has mentioned that the said information was provided by a special correspondent, why did the outlet not ask for the proof of testimony of the patients or the statement made by the ‘anonymous doctor’ it has mentioned in the report?

Basis the statement of Dr. Rathod of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital and a clear denial of several government bodies, we reached the conclusion that the two outlets mentioned above, published a ‘False’ report which was later amplified by several verified Twitter handles. Also it is noteworthy that despite being called out by the government, both ‘The Hindu’ and ‘The Indian Express’, in spite of adding proofs to their respective reports, have merely updated the reports by adding the government’s denial. 

Sources

  • Google Search
  • Twitter Advanced Search

Result: False

(If you would like us to fact check a claim, give feedback or lodge a complaint, WhatsApp us at 9999499044. You can also visit the Contact Us page and fill the form)

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